Creating a Recurring Email in Windows Server 2008 Using Exchange 2010

On occasion, an organization may have a need to send a recurring email. In the case of one of our customers, there was a need to send a weekly notice to users that patches would be applied to the terminal servers overnight with a friendly reminder to save any work. To set this up is really quite simple. Here is how:

First, open the Task Schedule and choose Create Task. This will open the Task Properties window.

Task Scheduler ActionsOn the General tab of the Task Properties window, fill in a Description. Choose the user account from which you would like to send the email. Finally, choose “Run whether user is logged on or not” and “Run with highest privileges.

Task Scheduler Task PropertiesOn the Triggers tab, click New. Make selections as appropriate for the frequency and be sure to check Enabled.

On the Actions tab, choose “Send an e-mail” from the Action drop-down menu. Fill out the From, Subject, and Text of the message. Add any appropriate attachment and fill in the SMTP server address. If the Scheduled Task is being configured on your Exchange server, you can simply enter for the SMTP server. Click OK to return to the Task Properties window.

Task Scheduler New ActionOn the Conditions tab, specify the conditions under which the task should run.

On the Settings tab, you should choose  “Allow task to be run on demand”.

After clicking OK to close all the Windows, right-click the task, and click Run to test. Ensure that the test email is received by the intended recipient(s).

In some instances, you may need to configure a Receive Connector on your Exchange server which allows anonymous relay. You can find a instructions for doing that on Microsoft’s website here.

Running a Root Shell in Ubuntu 13.04

A little over a year and a half ago, a fellow engineer wrote an article for Enabling the Root Password in Ubuntu 11.10 (instead of using sudo). The article was geared towards providing a convenient way to run root commands in a shell without the need to constantly type “sudo” at the beginning of every command.


sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get autoremove

Today, I would like to present an alternate method of accomplishing the same task.

At the command prompt type

sudo su

You will be prompted for your sudo password. After entering your sudo password and hitting Enter, you will be dropped into a root shell. The prompt will be similar to this:


Any commands you type moving forward will be done using root privileges (so be careful!). When you are finished, you can simply press CTRL-D or type “exit” and hit Enter. This will drop you back into your regular user shell.

dave@ubuntu-pc:~$ sudo su
[sudo] password for dave:
root@ubuntu-pc:/home/dave# exit

Both methods of running a root shell (this and the previous method) have their advantages and disadvantages. I leave it to the reader to decide works best for them.